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In My Heart

The Lapland nature has many contrasts

cold winter day in Sapmi

What is Lapland nature like?

Lapland nature is adding to the concept that Lapland is a land of contrasts. The soft, rolling, coniferous hills of southern Swedish and Finnish Lapland and the more rugged mountains on the western part of Norwegian lapland coast. We are proud of our clean and well preserved nature. The traditional, living culture is connected to the use of nature.

At the Lemmenjoki National Park you can pan for gold. At the Kevo Nature Preserve of the Finnish Lapland you'll find very strict rules for hiking in the canyon area. Other Lapland canyons are the canyons at Alta river and the Silfar near the Porsanger fiord.

What about watching the rich birdlife of the Ilmakki peatland protection area or at Tanamunningen nature reserve or at Syltefjordstauran on the Arctic coast?

The wilderness areas of the World Heritage site of Laponia and the many national parks are gems of Lapland nature in all three parts of Lapland. The Laponia is the largest area of untouched nature in Europe.

Photo: Olav E. Johansen

The ever changing seasons of Lapland is dramatic. The span in temperatures from summer to winter can be more than 80 Centigrades. Lapland nature has four seasons are spring, summer, autumn, and winter. But Lapland is also referred to as the land of eight seasons. Winter lasts more than half a year in many places. Winter also means a long darkness and the bluish twilight period. At around 70 degrees north the sun is below the horizon for two months."

Summer is short. But then we have up to two months of midnight sun - or nightless nights. And in winter there is the mysterious dancing of the aurora borealis (or northern light). Lapland winters are long with long periods of snow and temperatures often way below zero Centigrades, the record being about minus 51 at Karasjok. The rivers and lakes are covered with ice and snow for many months.


Lapland has many fairly large rivers. During winter all these rivers are covered with ice. This ice melts in spring and causes the magnificent ice drifting.

Read about the ice drifting in the Tana river, and about the Tanamunnuningen Nature Reserve. The flora and fauna of the Lapland nature are different in many ways. Many of the species living here are well acclimatized to the ever changing conditions of the area.

Lapland flora

The large wilderness forests are characteristic of large parts of Lapland nature. Many plant species are found in the different habitats. Habitats are such as the shores of the Bothnian Bay and the rolling hills of southern Swedish Lapland to the northernmost Lappish subarctic treeless highlands and plateaus.

cloudberry 2 And in the far north we have the Arctic fiords and coast. There are the high mountains along the Norwegian-Swedish border, the Finnish-Norwegian border and on the Finnmark coast. Lapland also has many bogs or marshlands with rich birdlife.

The pine tree is the most common tree in most of Finnish and Swedish Lapland part of Norwegian Lapland (inner parts only). Th spruce is rarer. Then there are different kinds of deciduous trees.

Lichen is common in some places. The most common mountain plants are the alpine birch and dwarf birch. All over teh region you can enjoy one Lapland's most beautiful flowers, the small white dryad (dryas octopetala). On Lapland’s many swamps there are different kinds of sedge in the wettest parts. The northern parts of Lapland also has permafrost frozen tussocks called palsas. The bogs have a large number of different plant species.

Lapland’s nightless night and clean nature have an abundance of berries rich in nutrients and vitamins. The cloudberry thrive in the bogland areas. Usually the cloudberry ripens between end of July and middle of August. August is the time for picking blueberries. And September is the lingonberry and cranberry month.

Lapland fauna

There are not many kinds of animals. But many of the ones we have, are quite exciting. The reindeer is everywhere in Lapland and is the most common animal. There may as many as 400.000-500.000 of them altogether i the three parts of Lapland. Read more about the reindeer.

There are many kinds of birds in Lapland. Lapland is an eldorado for bird watchers. In some places there are bird-watching towers. The Lapland spring is a hectic time for migrators who often come a long way to nest. The bear is Finland's national animal. There are bear populations in all three parts of Lapland. There are also populations of wolverines and wolves. Lynx is the only wild cat in Lapland. The moose is Lapland's largest wild animal. It lives in forests and marshlands. The arctic fox is a protected species. The red fox, rabbits, and other small mammals are more common. The lemming is common all over Lapland.

The rough-legged buzzard is a common birds of prey. There are also viable populations of eagles, hawks and owls. Common small-sized birds among birch trees include the meadow pipit, northern wheatear, and the willow warbler. Moving about in Lapland's nature is safe, in despite of the carnivore animal species. Nearly always the wild animals will avoid human contact.


Lapland has a continental climate with cold winters and relatively warm summers, thanks to the Gulf Stream.

Lapland Travel Blog

Here you can see at a glance what is new, or what is changed/updated on Lapland Travel Info.
We hope this is useful for you.

The Aurora Borealis in Lapland is a beautiful sight and experience in Lapland.

The Aurora Borealis in Lapland is one of the special light phenomena

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The ice bathing season at Bugoynes has started

Ice bathing at Bugoynes has become very popular

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The Bugoynes village is also called Little Finland

The Bugoynes village by the Varanger fjord is also called Little Finland, or Pikku Suomi in Finnish

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The road Alta-Kirkenes

The road Alta-Kirkenes (E-6) goes along fjords and rivers, and passes mountains before it ends in Kirkenes on the Russian border

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Tana bru is the centre of the Tana municipality.

Visit Tana bru which is near one the best salmon fishing places of the whole Tana river.

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Enjoy your Lapland travel

Many kids dream of a Lapland travel and visiting Father Christmas, but it is something that many parents now bring into reality. With trips to Lapland

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Arctic tourism works in a vulnerable nature. Here are some things to think about.

Arctic tourism needs to take into consideration that Lapland nature can be vulnerable. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has developed ten principles.

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The North cape is major attraction of Lapland

The North Cape is probably the most visited attraction of Lapland.

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Where the Reindeer Roam